Valtakunnallisen humanistisen verkko-opetuksen tarjoamat verkkokurssit

Water and Society

WWS, water supply and sanitation, is the key element in development of societies. For example, urban societies in Europe started to develop faster when around year 600 BC Cloacae Maxima in Rome was built. WSS infrastructure is invisible, but a vital part of any well working city. Many researchers talk and refer this by calling these systems to "Invisible city".

The standard of the water supply and sanitation and waste management is not bound in time and to a place as much as to the capability of the society to take responsibility for developing the individuals and their environments. In earlier times the situation has been even better than it is nowadays. In many parts of the world the old methods are still in use. Thus, it is not synonym to out-dated. Even ancient inventions are not necessarily outdated, but are in all their simplicity wellfunctioning. Water is a basic necessity for all forms of life on earth. Water is also a human right and everybody should have enough water. Regarding human activities, a reliable water source is essential not only to supplying drinking water but also to sustaining agriculture, energy production, trade and transport - the foundations of economically and culturally thriving societies. However, as the numbers of people inhabiting our planet increases, all these activities have more and more serious impacts on human health, the environment and the overall quality of life and wellbeing. Due to pollution and water quality deterioration, diminishing supplies, extreme phenomena brought about by climate change, and serious gaps in service delivery, issues related to water governance become ever more important.

Mode of teaching

This virtual Water and Society (WASO) course divides into five one-week sections and a final two-week section.

Each of the six sections will include a variable number of small assignments for all students. A new section will start on Monday morning, at the latest, and all assignments are to be completed no later than 23.59 hours local time on Sunday. Note that you have to do all assignments and tasks to pass this course!

In addition to the weekly assignments, everybody will have to write an essay (8-14 pages) on a subject from a given list. This list of subjects will be published later.

The course will be conducted in Moodle e-learning platform.


Petri S. Juuti, Riikka Rajala, Tapio Katko, Johann Tempelhoff


University of Tampere

Course web page